Spirulina, blue-green algae, is recognized as the biomass of the Arthrospira platensis, an oxygenic photosynthetic bacterium found prevalently in fresh and marine waters.  It is considered a microscopic and filamentous cyanobacterium, named after its spiral nature found within its filaments. It serves as a rich source of protein and is revered as a vitamin supplement in both contemporary and ancient societies. 
It possesses a long history of use amidst ancient cultures. Aztecs culture provides evidence of a long-standing tradition for growing algae in subtropical and tropical waters, typically with high salt content. This long-standing tradition was discovered by Spanish invaders, having witnessed the indigenous people belonging to the Aztec civilization growing “new food” in lagoons. 
It has a characteristic bitter taste but other ingredients can be added to improve its taste. It is available and is a significant part of supplements. It is a rich source of Thiamine (vitamin B1), Niacin (vitamin B3), Riboflavin (vitamin b2), Iron, Magnesium and Copper. It helps regulate proper muscle function and heartbeat. It also possesses antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and pain relief qualities. 
Modern society has a distinct way to cultivate Spirulina, armed with new knowledge concerning the optimal conditions required to grow it. These conditions include the amount of light, right temperature (up to 37°C), water quality and stirring speed, to name a few and dictate the cultivation process. The use of open ponds in the cultivation of Spirulina is a standard feature. 
Spirulina is touted as the “food of the future” due to its ability to bestow high energy levels to the consumer. Consisting of polysaccharides (Glycogen and Rhamnose) and essential fat, it is easily absorbed by the human body. It also increases the healthy lactobacillus in the intestine, which induces the production of B6 and imparts energy. 
Health Benefits espoused by Spirulina
The myriad of benefits provided by Spirulina is given in the following:
|Kills Cancer cells|
|Spirulina is extensively studied for its potential role in cancer treatment. By possessing phycocyanin, it helps reduce inflammation, restrict tumour growth and has shown instances of killing cancer cells.|
|Improves Heart health|
|Spirulina plays several roles in regulating heart health. It lowers cholesterol levels, lowers triglyceride levels, keeps the arteries free of clots and ultimately reduces the strain of the heart.|
|Provides relief from allergies|
|As previously stated, the anti-inflammatory quality of Spirulina also provides relief from pollen, dust and animal rain allergies. It is also found a place in alternative allergy medications.|
|Bolsters the immune system|
|Being a rich source of vitamins E, C and B6, Spirulina supplies essential vitamins and minerals which helps the regular functioning of the immune system. It influences the production of white blood cells and antibodies responsible for fighting bacteria and viruses in the body. At an initial stage, studies reveal that spirulina can to treat herpes, flu and HIV though this research is not conclusive.|
|Regulates eye health|
|Spirulina has a significant store of zeaxanthin pigment which keeps age-related vision loss and cataracts at bay.|
When harvested in the wild, Spirulina might be contaminated with bacteria and heavy metals. At high amounts, it may cause significant damage to the liver. Avoid using it for pregnant and breastfeeding women since there is inadequate safety information available for this sub-group. Bleeding disorders may result as a consequence of their ability to reduce blood clotting.
Spirulina may interact with certain medication, affects blood sugar levels and worsen symptoms of auto-immune diseases such as multiple sclerosis, lupus and arthritis. Consumption of Spirulina under a medical professional’s guidance is advised. 
Keeping healthy living is a priority
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Shubham Pharmachem’s blog posts have been written with the information gathered from approved medical journals and websites online. Our research and technical teams strive to provide relevant information through such articles. We strongly advise readers to not consume or administer any medication without prior consultation with their doctor.